File and print servers: Windows Server 2003 administrative tasks

File and print servers are often the first servers to be put in place in a networked system. In the book "Windows Server 2003 Pocket Administrator," chapter two -- Administering File and Print Servers -- outlines ongoing administrative tasks that will keep the services you deliver to your users working smoothly.

IT Reseller Takeaway: The book Windows Server 2003 Pocket Administrator offers clear and concise information for network administrators and presents it in logical organized sections. Get details on administrative best practices for file, print and cluster services in this excerpt.

Administering File and Print Servers

The administration of file and print servers is divided into three categories. These include File Services, Print Services and Cluster Services. Table 2-1outlines the administrative activities that you must perform on an ongoing basis to ensure proper operation of the services you deliver to your user community. It also identifies the frequency of each task.

You may not need to perform all of these activities because you don't use some of the services mentioned here. You may also use a different schedule. Remember to personalize the task list to adapt it to your environment.

Table 2-1. File and Print Service Administration Task List

Procedure Number Activity Frequency
File Services
FS-01 Available Free Space Verification Daily
FS-02 Data Backup Management Daily
FS-03 Shared Folder Management Daily
FS-04 File Replication Service Event Log Verification Daily
FS-05 Volume Shadow Copy Management Weekly
FS-06 Distributed File System Management Weekly
FS-07 Quota Management Weekly
FS-08 Indexing Service Management Weekly
FS-09 Data Disk Integrity Verification Weekly
FS-10 Data Disk Defragmentation Weekly
FS-11 File Access Audit Log Verification Weekly
FS-12 Temporary File Cleanup Weekly
FS-13 Security Parameter Verification Weekly
FS-13 Security Parameter Verification Weekly
FS-14 Security Parameter Verification Weekly
FS-14 Encrypted Folder Management Weekly
FS-15 Data Archiving Monthly
FS-16 File Replication Service Management Monthly
Print Services
PS-01 Print Queue Management Daily
PS-02 Printer Access Management Weekly
PS-03 Printer Driver Management Weekly
PS-04 Printer Driver Management Ad hoc
PS-05 Print Spooler Drive Management Ad hoc
PS-06 Printer Location Tracking Management Ad hoc
PS-08 New Printer Model Evaluation Ad hoc
Cluster Services
CS-01 Clusters: Cluster State Verification Daily
CS-02 Clusters: Print Queue StatusVerification Daily
CS-03 Clusters: Server Cluster Management Weekly
CS-04 Clusters: Quorum State Verification Weekly

File Service Administration

With Windows Server 2003, file service administration involves everything from formatting a new disk to integrating with the Active Directory to creating complex shared folder structures with the Distributed File Service.But, it is mainly focused on disks and the services Windows Server 2003 can support when dealing with storage.

Four main tools can be used to manage file servers:

  • Windows Explorer because it gives access to both disks and shared folders.
  • The File Server Management console because it is a single-purpose console that focuses on disks and shares.
  • The net share command because it is a commandline tool that can be used to script sharing operations.
  • The diskpart command because it is designed to manage disks, volumes, and partitions.
Read the chapter Administering File and Print Servers in its entirety.

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